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GRE Helpline

GRE Helpline

GRE Topic

Topic 1:
“In any given field, the leading voices comes from people who are motivated not by conviction but by the desire to present opinions and ideas that differ from those held by the majority”.

Topic 1:
“Society does not place enough emphasis on the intellect—that is , on reasoning and other cognative skills”

What is the GRE and how is it structured?
The Graduate Record Examinations (GRE) General Test is a multiple-choice admission test for applicants to graduate schools. The test is administered by the Educational Testing Service (ETS), under the sponsorship of the Graduate Record Examinations Board. The GRE is a computer-adaptive test (CAT), and consists of three scored sections:

Section in GRE

Verbal : Sentence completion, Analogies, Antonyms, Reading comprehension
Marks-300, Question-30, Time-30 Minutes

Quant : Problem solving, Quant comparisons, Graph based questions
Marks-800, Question-28, Time-45 Minutes

AWA* : Perspectives on an issue, Analysis of an argument
Marks-0-6(Graded), Question-1+1, Time-45 min + 30 min = 75 min

*From October 2002, the “Analytical Ability” section has been replaced with an Analytical Writing Assessment (AWA). What is a CAT and how does it work?

A CAT is a computer-adaptive test, whose software calculates your score based on the number of questions you answer correctly, the difficulty of the questions you answer, and the number of questions you complete. When you take the GRE CAT, you’ll begin each section with a medium-level question and a score of 500. If you answer the question correctly, the computer will raise your score and give you a harder question. If you answer the question incorrectly, your score will decrease and you’ll be given an easier question. The process repeats for each question in the section, to arrive at your final score for that section.

How is the GRE scored?
Each of the three sections is scored on a scale of 200 to 800. The average scores for the GRE are about 470 for Verbal and 570 for Quantitative.

How important are my GRE scores?
Schools vary tremendously in the weights they place on the different factors in the admission process, so be sure to contact the specific schools to which you are applying in order to determine their unique requirements. Some programs weight GRE scores very heavily, and/or have a minimum score for applicants, while other programs consider GRE scores more of a formality. It is important to note that your GRE scores are a major factor in determining your eligibility for financial aid.

Can I cancel my scores?
Yes. You can cancel your scores immediately after you take the GRE. This is the only time you can cancel your scores. Unfortunately, you must make the decision to cancel at the testing center before you see your scores. In addition, the fact that you cancelled your scores will be noted on your official GRE score report.

How do I pick a test date?
First find out the application deadlines for the graduate schools to which you are applying, then work backwards from your earliest deadline. Build some extra time into your planning process for unexpected delays because you can only take the GRE once per calendar month. Keep in mind that it can take as long as four weeks for your official scores to arrive at your designated schools. The GRE is offered at testing centers almost every day. Call your local center for details and to book your test. While in theory you could sign up for the GRE with only two days’ notice, don’t depend upon this luxury. Call at least one month prior to your desired test date.

What fees are associated with the GRE?
Fee for the GRE exam (W.e.f. Oct 1, 2002) $140
TOEFL: This test is mandatory for International students applying to a Graduate course or University in US. Fee for this exam is $110.

What are the GRE Subject Tests and Writing Assessment Test (WAT)?
The GRE Subject Tests are intended to measure your knowledge of specific subject matter. Subject Tests are available in eight disciplines: biochemistry, cell and molecular biology; biology; chemistry; computer science; literature in English; mathematics; physics; and psychology. These tests are given in paper-and-pencil format three times per year, in November, December, and April.
The WAT is a computer-based test, consisting of two analytical writing tasks: a 45-minute essay in which you present your perspective on a particular issue; and a 30-minute essay in which you analyze an argument. As of October 2002, the WAT will become part of the GRE General Test, replacing the multiple-choice “Analytical Ability” section.

Still have some queries? Avail EXPERT GUIDANCE from our research wing. How to apply ?

There are no specific dates or schedules for taking the GRE/GMAT/TOEFL. These are conducted round the year. The procedure is to first obtain a form and consequently register your self for the exam.

1. Ordering the form- Forms and their details are available (free of cost) at:

Institute of Psychological and Educational Measurement (IPEM)

119/25-A, Mahatma Gandhi Marg
Allahabad – 211001 (U.P.), India
Phone: 0532 – 624881, 623858
Fax: 0532 – 624637
E-mail : ets@ipem.org
Website : http://ipem.org/

The United States Education Foundation in India (USEFI):

Educational Advisor,
USEFI, Fulbright House,
12 Hailey Road,
New Delhi – 110 001
Phone : (011) 3328944
Fax : (011) 3329718
E-mail : vijaya@usefi.ernet.in

2. Registration : Thereafter, to register yourself for a particular test date, you can contact Sylvan Testing Services in New Delhi.

Address:
Sylvan Testing Services Pvt. Ltd.
Senior Plaza 160-A, Gautam Nagar, 3rd Floor Yusuf Sarai,
Behind Indian Oil Building
New Delhi 110 049
Tel: 011-6511649 Fax: 011-6529741

Acceptable Forms of Payment :

1. International Credit Card : The fee can be paid to Sylvan Testing Services through any of the following international credit cards- VISA, Master , American Express over a telephone.

OR

2. Cheques, bank drafts, money orders payable in U.S. dollars must be drawn on banks located in the U.S and be made payable to ETS-GMAT/GRE/TOEFL.

If payments are made in the Indian currency, these must be made at the telegraphic transfer selling (TTS) exchange rate of the U.S. dollar equivalent. Cheques, money orders payable in Indian Rupee must be drawn on a bank in India

Computer Based Test (CBT) Centres in India

ALLAHABAD IPEM
TEST CENTER NUMBER: 8903
PERMANENT CENTRE

AHMEDABAD
TEST CENTER NUMBER: 8902
PERMANENT CENTRE

BANGALORE
TEST CENTER NUMBER: 8904
PERMANENT CENTRE

CALCUTTA
TEST CENTER NUMBER: 8906
PERMANENT CENTRE

HYDERABAD
TEST CENTER NUMBER: 8908
PERMANENT CENTRE

MADRAS
TEST CENTER NUMBER: 8909
PERMANENT CENTRE

MUMBAI
TEST CENTER NUMBER: 8921
PERMANENT CENTRE

MUMBAI USEFI
TEST CENTER NUMBER: 8905
PERMANENT CENTRE

NEW DELHI
TEST CENTER NUMBER: 8901
PERMANENT CENTRE

TRIVANDRUM
TEST CENTER NUMBER: 8912
PERMANENT CENTRE

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MBA Helpline

MBA Frequently Asked Questions

So what really is Management education all about?

It is a Two year full time or a Three year part time course

Gives exposure to subjects of Finance, Marketing, Operations, HR and Systems.

Allows Specialization in one or more of these functional subjects.

Helps develop good logical, analytical, presentation skills.

You get to look at problems/situations from different angles with a view to arrive at an effective solution for the same.

The course teaches one to work in a team, manage time and helps develop a good business perspective.

On an average, you get to study 40 – 45 subjects in the course.
Involves written exams, presentations, short projects, case studies, assignments, summer projects, winter projects and any other projects you can get… can do it all in an MBA.

Why should you do an MBA?

MBA is a Post graduation degree valued by the Industry.

People from diversified educational backgrounds join an MBA course.

Involves high pressure and time-packed schedule. Really tests ones time management skills.

One learns through fun class room sessions, case studies, paper presentations, festivals, seminars etc.

The focus is on Knowledge-Sharing across functions.

Trains in Team work skills as you learn to work with different people on different assignments and projects

Teaches you to balance curricular, co-curricular and extra-curricular activities.

Intra & Inter collegiate Case studies & paper presentation contests are common

College Festivals, seminars, guest lectures take place frequently.

You get industry experience through Summer Projects, Winter projects, Industrial projects and any other projects you can get.

You can participate in Project presentations and “Best Project” contests.

Get to attend quality Management Seminars within and outside the institute.

Orients you with Knowledge of Management functions.

Entails better career prospects in terms of job opportunities, career growth, salaries.

Teaches you how to manage yourself, your time, people, situations, success and failure. Specialization and other things are just a part of it.

Who can do an MBA course?

Any graduate with a minimum 50% marks in the final year under the 10+2+3(like BA, B.COM, BCA etc.) or 10+2+4 (like BE, B.Tech etc.) system is eligible for a Management Education. Even post graduates can do an MBA.

However, non-graduates, who have done a diploma and not a degree course are not eligible.

Fresh Graduates as well as Graduates with work experience can do a full time Management course.

For part time Management , eligibility criteria is minimum 50% marks in the final year plus at least two – three years work experience after graduation.

There is no age limit for doing a Management course both full time & part time.

What is a good score in the written test?

It is difficult for anybody to prognosticate accurately as it depends a lot on the level of difficulty that actually is there in the test. As a general thumb rule, with a consistent score of around 85 + one has a decent chance of getting a call from one or two of the IIMs.

When should one start preparing for the entrance tests?

It takes a completely dedicated effort to succeed in these tests. For most part it is hard grind, repetitive and unrelenting. Constant practice is evidently the key to success at the tests. The duration of preparation is to a large extent determined by the present state of preparedness. For a candidate who has been in touch with basic Mathematics and English, who has good reading habits, the preparation should commence 4 to 6 months in advance. Other candidates should start early and work hard and systematically. Our experience shows that over-preparation is as dangerous as under-preparation. Candidates are advised not to start preparation too much in advance. Certainly not more than a year in advance. The ill consequences could be fatigue, and premature peaking in performance. Performing at one’s peak is, by definition, not sustainable over a long period. A 100 m and 1 mile race is an analogy. You cannot run the 1 mile race at a speed at which you can run the 100 m race. So, the objective should be on learning and constant practice in order to attain peak levels of performance just around the time of the entrance tests.

How should one prepare for the tests?

By now you must be aware of the various attributes of the candidates that are put to test in the entrance test.

Command over written English

Reading and Comprehension

Fundamentals of Mathematics

Analytical Ability and Interpretation Skills etc.

Also, the structure of the entrance tests changes every year. So, most of the preparation is anticipatory; anticipating would be emphasis on each section; anticipating the probable range of questions that might appear in the entrance test, and so forth.

Your preparation should be designed around:

Skill Development

Conceptual knowledge
Application of concepts

Development of habits

Increasing the range of your reading habits
Improving upon your skills of spoken English

Consistent and focused practice

On a regular basis
At different difficulty levels
With a comprehensive range of probable new formats of questions

Continuous feedback

On the improvements in your performance
On areas needing special attention

A strategy for taking the entrance tests

Note that no candidate can be strong in all areas. The focus of preparation should be to prepare yourself thoroughly in your strong areas so that you do not lose a single mark there. In your weak areas you have to work the hardest to garner as many marks as you can. Further the entrance tests are basically negative, in the sense that they are designed to eliminate all but the fittest. And as the general standard of students improves, the hurdles at the entrance tests get increasingly steep.

How much advantage does a person with a job experience have over others?

It is clear that work experience has some weightage, though it is not clear exactly how much work experience is good. In standard terms, a work-ex of at least one and a half to two years stands one in good stead, while six months is not really known to make a difference to one’s credentials. Since during placements, a lot of companies prefer students with some work experience, the IIMs take a larger share of students who have had some work experience before applying. Besides a number of experienced personnel, worthy fresher do get admissions into various B-schools.

Should my graduation background affect the choice of B-school?

To some extent, yes. For ex. Arts graduates may like to go for colleges having an HRD orientation (like TISS, XLRI, Symbiosis etc.). Law graduates may prefer PM & IR course at XLRI. Engineers have been seen opting for a broad range of choices & colleges.

What is more important, speed or accuracy?

Both are important. Try and aim for a strike of around 85-90%. Though speed and accuracy are different ideas, vis--vis CAT, they are mutually enhancing skills. One without the other is a good way to mess up a potentially good performance. Speed deals with the progress you make in reading, understanding, and answering a particular question or section. For example, in a typical Reading Comprehension section, you could finish reading an entire passage in half a minute flat. Or you could finish reading a math problem in half a second. Yahoo! You have cut down drastically on the time taken, but wait a minute.

If I am an average student, will I be able to clear these tests?

The whole point is: How do you define “average?” The examination systems in Indian schools and colleges hardly check the students’ aptitude and logical or commonsense skills, the two most desired things in an MBA aspirant. You may be having a very strong potential as far as MBA is concerned which has been sadly left untouched so far.

What about Communication Skills?

It is very crucial for you to develop these skills as at the last moment, very little can be done. Regular practice is the key. It has been seen that students getting several calls, at times, are unable to clear the GD & PI stage. Hence keep preparing.

What specialization should I take up?

This should be decided on the basis of your interests and capabilities, as well as the institutes resources. There is no hard and fast rule that engineers should take up a particular specialization.
Students can specialize in any of the following streams:

Marketing

Finance

Human Resources

Systems

Operations

How to select an institute?

The problem of selection is not for the top institutes; the choice becomes more difficult if you finally get a call from two institutes, which have equal standing in the industry. In that case you could choose the college based on the following parameters:

Placements

Recognition

Reputation

Faculty

Specialization

Infrastructure

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MCA Helpline

MCA Frequently Asked Questions

Ques. What is M.C.A?
Ans. M.C.A ( Master of Computer Application ) is generally a 3-year post graduate degree/diploma in Computer Applications. In some institutes it is called PGDCA, PGDIT etc.

Ques. Should I opt for MCA or MBA in systems?
Ans. The classical dilemma faced by those among you who are interested in a career in software would be whether to go for an MCA or an MBA in systems.

This dilemma according to us should simply be converted into a question, which you should ask yourself, do I want a technical career path or a managerial one? The answer to this question would be the answer to your dilemma.

The MBA systems graduate would be actively involved in implementing the top and middle managements IT initiatives, he would translate the management’s growth objectives into a plan for system requirements that need to be put in place in order to enable the above objectives .He would then pass on these requirements to the MCA who would implement the plan for system requirements.

Thus one can see that the career path for the MBA systems graduate is managerial while the career path of the MCA graduate is technical.

Ques. What are the career opportunities after M.C.A.?
Ans. Today’s is an age of computers. As an M.C.A you can work-
(a) In a consultancy firm such as TCS
(b) In a large corporation having an in-house systems department such as TUL
(c) As an entrepreneur providing complete (or specific) solutions to problems of your
(d) As systems developer in any organization big or small.

Ques. What are the different specializations I can opt in MCA?
Ans. There are many fields an MCA can specialize in the last year/semester of his 3 year programme.

(a) Systems Management
(b) Management Information Systems (MIS)
(c) Systems Development
(d) Systems Engineering
(e) Networking
(f) Internet working
(g) Application Software
(h) Software Development
(i) Troubleshooting
(j) Hardware Technology

Ques. What is the eligibility criteria for MCA courses?
Ans. The final year students or graduates in any discipline having studied Mathematics as one of the major subjects in Higher Secondary classes ( +1 & +2 ) can apply except few universities like PTU etc. Generally there is no minimum percentage required in graduation.

Ques. What are the different colleges in India running MCA courses?
Ans. There are more than 100 Govt. recognized colleges in India running MCA courses.

Ques. What is the admission procedure for selection to MCA courses?
Ans: Generally the students have to undergo a written test and on the basis of that test the selection is done. In some institutes the students have to appear for a personal Interview and Group-discussion and then the selection is made after these stages e.g IMT, Ghaziabad.

Ques. Is it necessary for me to have prior computer knowledge?
Ans. No institute requires you to have a knowledge of computers as an eligibility criteria.

Ques. What is the pattern for the written test?
Ans. Every institute has its own pattern. The best possible details can be collected from TCY.

Ques How should I decide which institutes to apply to?
Ans. There may be various factors affecting your decision to choose particular institute i.e Region Specific institutes ( one may have one’s own choice) Preference according to the placements of institute Level of difficulty of test According to the syllabi of the course

Ques. How can I know the latest patterns of different tests?
Ans. You should not worry at all. At TCY, you can have the latest patterns and syllabi of all the important exams.

Ques I am confused. How can I prepare for such a wide variety of tests and syllabi?

Ans. It is indeed very difficult to have a comprehensive approach towards almost all tests and it is unwise too. The best way out is that right from the beginning, you select particular exams and keep preparing for the same. This can be sorted out with interaction with TCY faculty.

Ques Are calculators allowed for the test?
Ans. No.

Ques. How will I come to know about the dates of exams of different institutes?

Ans. These institutes publish the advertisements in National papers. Anyhow students need not waste time searching for these. These advertisements will be displayed on the Notice Board of TCY.

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GMAT Helpline

GMAT Helpline

Which are the Indian cities where a candidate can take GMAT- CAT?
GMAT-CAT is conducted by ETS (Education testing services) at Sylvan test centers in 14 different international regions and the number of centers differs from region to region.

India falls in region 14 and the following 9 Indian cities have sylvan test centers.

1. Ahmedabad
2. Allahabad
3. Bangalore
4. Bombay
5. Calcutta
6. Hyderabad
7. Madras
8. New Delhi
9. Trivandrum

What is GMAT?
GMAT stands for Graduate Management Aptitude Test.

Purpose of test
GMAT is designed to help graduate schools of business assess the applicants for admission to advanced study in business and management in the US.

How is GMAT administered?
The GMAT is not a paper pen test anymore. Now it is a Computer Adaptive Test which can be taken on any working day, 10 hours a day throughout the year at approximately 400 test centers throughout the world.

What is Computer Adaptive Test and how it is different from ordinary test?
In a Computer Adaptive Test (CAT), the computer screen displays one question at a time, which is chosen from a large pool of questions categorized by content and difficulty. The first question is always of medium difficulty, the selection of each question thereafter is determined by the responses. In other words GMAT-CAT adjusts to the ability level of the candidate.

Unlike paper pen tests in a CAT the candidate

1. cannot skip a question.
2. can not change the answer of a question.

The questions which appear and their level of difficulty depend on the response of the previous question.

What are the computer skills required to take the GMAT CAT.

1. Basic knowledge of word processor
2. Accessing the help function.
3. Using a mouse,
4. Entering a response

What are the topics in which the candidate is tested?
The GMAT CAT will include questions related to

- Verbal
- Quantitative
- Analytical writing

GMAT does not test specific knowledge of business or any other specific content areas. Also it does not measure achievement in any particular subject area.

How are the scores calculated?
The scoring in the test is not in a traditional way. The completed answer document is not compared with the key to calculate the final score. The computer builds up the score while the candidate is working.

1. Initially the candidate is assumed to be average and gives a average level of questions
2. Based on the responses the computer adjusts itself to the candidates level.
3. The first 1/3rd of the questions is found to carry higher weightage 4. Moreover the difficult questions have higher weightage.
5. For every wrong answer 1/4th is deducted.

Scores are therefore dependent on

1. Number of questions answered correctly
2. The type of questions answered.

How are the scores for analytical writing calculated?
Each of the 2 essays are graded on a scale of 0(minimum) to 6(maximum)

1: An essay that is totally illegible/not written on the assigned topic
2: An essay that is fundamentally deficient
3: An essay that is seriously flawed
4: An essay that is seriously limited
5: An essay that is merely adequate
6: An essay that is strong
7: An essay that is outstanding

An essay will be graded by two graders and the final score will be an average of the two. If the scores are more than 1 point apart then the third grader will grade it.

How many questions appear in each section?
- Analytical Writing:
Analysis of an issue : 1 Topic
Analysis of an argument : 1 Topic

- Verbal:
Sentence correction : 15 questions
Reading Comprehension : 15 questions
Critical reasoning : 11 questions
Approximately one three-fourth min per question

- Quantitative:
Problem solving : 19 questions
Data Sufficiency : 18 questions
Approximately two min per question

What is the purpose of warm up period ?
Warm up period is to allow the candidate get familiar with the computer, the mouse, the scroll bar functions in particular) and with the peculiarities of the program. The warm up period is unlimited.

What is the optional break and when should it be taken?
An option of two 5 minute breaks will be given, one after completing essay and the other between quantitative and verbal sections. The optional breaks are mandatory.

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